The Equipment Needed for a Building Integrated Solar Installation


October 6, 2023

Solar power has rapidly transitioned from a niche market to a mainstream solution for our energy needs. Specifically, Building-Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) have been a game-changer. These innovative systems, installed directly into building structures like facades or railings, not only produce energy but also act as functional building components. If you're considering a building integrated solar installation, understanding the required equipment is crucial. This blog breaks down everything you need to know.

The Rise of Building Integrated Solar

Traditional solar farms, though effective, often face challenges with transmission losses and grid congestion. The solution? Bringing the solar power generation directly where it's consumed. By integrating solar projects into the structure of buildings, BIPV systems harness sunlight effectively, reducing transmission losses and offering sustainable energy solutions for our ever-growing urban landscapes.

What Construction Stakeholders Need to Know

For many building owners, the decision to opt for building integrated solar isn't just about the environmental benefits. The practical concerns — like space requirements and costs — are crucial considerations. While solar panels are the most visible components of these projects, a lot of vital equipment operates behind the scenes to make these installations functional and efficient.

Equipment Essentials for Building Integrated Solar

For a successful BIPV installation, several common components are essential:

  • Inverter: This crucial device converts the direct current (DC) electricity produced by solar panels into the alternating current (AC) electricity your building uses. Depending on local codes and regulations, inverters might have to handle varying voltage levels.
  • Disconnect: A safety tool ensuring that your solar system can be manually disconnected from the grid, useful for maintenance or emergencies.
  • Panelboard: A component that distributes the generated electricity throughout your building.
  • Transformer: Essential for adjusting voltage levels to match your building's electrical system and the grid's requirements.
  • Conduit: Protective tubes that house and safeguard the DC cables connecting the building integrated solar panels to the inverter, especially when the latter is placed indoors.
  • SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition): An advanced system allowing for real-time monitoring and control of your solar installation.

Choosing the Right Equipment

The specific requirements for these components can be influenced by a range of factors. These factors include the overall size of the system, the type of electricity phases it operates on, and the prevailing local regulations that govern its installation and operation. For example, Mitrex building integrated solar panels are expertly designed to function at system voltages ranging from 600V up to 1000V. This broad voltage range demonstrates their versatility and offers significant flexibility when integrating them into different systems or architectural designs. Building integrated solar offers a promising path towards sustainable urban energy solutions, combining architectural aesthetics with energy production. With the right equipment in place, these installations not only contribute to a greener planet but also offer substantial cost savings in the long run. When considering integrating BIPV into the building, understanding the necessary tools and equipment will set you on the path to success.

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